|In 1579 the Portuguese built a small wooden fortification on the Ilha dos Frades (known as Restinga during the Dutch period). This island is located in the middle of the mouth of the Paraíba river and therefore played an important defensive role together with the fortresses of Santa Catarina do Cabedelo on the southern shore of the river and Santo Antonio on the northern one. Attacked various times by the Indians of the region, the Potiguar, the fortification was soon abandoned. It was only in 1631, when Paraíba was threatened by the Dutch, that another fort was erected.|
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|A small wooden fortification is built on the Ilha da Conceição or Ilha dos Frades, at the entrance of the river Paraíba. Shortly after, Indian people of the region attack the fort.|